The Battle of Inkerman: The British Respond to the Russians

The British were able to confront the Russians as they moved for the attack. The firing was also enough to warn the rest of the army, especially those of the second division and this made them to rise to their defensive positions in a good time. The British commander De Lacy Evans was wounded in the battle and the leadership of the command fall to his second in command. Pennefather, who took over, was known to be a very aggressive officer, and this changed the pace of that battle.
When he took over the command, hardly did he know that equipped and superior Russian soldiers were confronting him. He decided to abandon the war plan initiated by his boss. The initial order was to fall back from the surging Russian soldiers and he decided that his 2,700 men should confront the Russian challengers. When he decided to carry out the attack, 15,300 soldiers to confront faced the second division. Russians reacted by bombarding everywhere in the Home Hills, however, no troops were left in the crest during this time of bombardment.

The second division of the allied forces under British control confronted the attacking Russian soldiers. As the Russians advanced through the fogs, the advancing second division encountered them. The second division was armed with Pattern 1853 Enfield riffle. The Russians on the other side were armed with smoothbore muskets. However, because of the bottleneck of the place, the Russians were forced to withdraw. The British were fierce in the battle and they did everything to outdo the Russian attack.

As the Russians were forced out of the bottleneck, the British gunned them down. However, those soldiers who were able to survive that were forced out to a very far place beyond the bayonet point. Eventually they were forced out of the way to a very far place at their artillery positions.
The Russians initiated a second attack immediately. This time the attack was launched against the second division of the allied army. This attack was on a larger scale and they used a greater number of soldiers in launching the attack.

The British commander was overwhelmed, as he did not know what to do with the fierce forces of the Russians. When this second attack was launched, the British were already depilated and weak. It appears that the Russians did not do their calculations very well, because if they had, the allied forces were already depilated and they would have ordered the third attack immediately. However, they did not do so; they delayed and waited for the British reinforcement to arrive. If the Russian commander Soymonov knew about the situation of the British forces, he would have ordered a third attack. Because he could not see through the fog, he could not read the situation accurately.

However, instead of launching an attack, he decided to wait for the arrival of his reinforcement before he could launch a third attack. Before his reinforcement could arrive, the British reinforcement arrived first and launched an attack immediately. The attack was such successful that the Russians were beaten back and forced out of their position. Thus, they were forced out of that place. However, the battle claimed the life of the Russian commander General Soymonov as the British soldier killed him.

The Battle of Inkerman: The Russians Move In

Read More

The battle started raging on the 5 November and the 10th division of the Russian army coordinated the attack. General Soymonov commanded it. This division launched a heavy assault on the allied forces starting from the Home Hill. The attack was carried out using 134 field artillery guns, as well as 35,000 men consisting of two columns of the military regiment. When these are combined with other Russian soldiers who were mobilized for the war, you would find out that the number would be overwhelming. The number would be overwhelming for the 2,700 British soldiers with 12 guns who were supposed to confront these huge numbers of the Russian army.

It appears that the Russians did their calculations as they did move in two franks against the allied army with the hope of dealing deadly with them before they could reinforce. The early morning fog aided the Russians who were very used to that environment; this is because it was impossible for their colors to be detected by the allied forces as they emerged.

The route to the battleground was about 300 meters wide and that was not narrow enough to accommodate the large numbers of army, which the Russians wanted to use to carry out that war. To carry out the war, the Russian general had to follow the orders earlier passed to him by Prince Alexander Menshikov. The prince had wanted him to send some of the soldiers to Careenage Ravine. In addition, before the battle was to commence, the commander had ordered him by the supreme commander General Peter Dannenberg, to split his soldiers into two that is north and east and to the Inkerman Bridge. This is to ensure that they provide support for other soldiers and they are to provide support to Lt General Pavlov. This means that Soymonov could not deploy all the soldiers under his control to ensure that they achieve their objectives.

However, Soymonov moved into action using 6,300 men, and the soldiers were drawn from Tomsky, Elakerinburg, and Kolyvansky and they confronted the allied forces at Home Hill. They were unfortunate enough, because before they moved, the British seemed to have a predomination of what was about to happen. Apart from that, the number of soldiers they already have, the British had strong pickets in different locations. The early morning fog did not disturb this apart, the British. Apart from the 6,300 soldiers, the Russians had other 9,000 men on reserve. When the attack started, the British were able to mobilize.

The Battle of Inkerman: Before the Battle

Read More

The Inkerman Battle was one of the series of battles fought for the control of the Crimean. The battle of Inkerman started in November 5, 1854 and it was during the Crimean War. The war was fought between the Russian military forces and allied armies, which include the Great Britain, France, and the Ottoman Empire. The battle was very significant as it defeated the will of the Russians not to fight the allied forces.

Sometimes, the battle was named the soldier’s battle, because of the wiliness of the allied forces to fight on their own volition, despite the difficult conditions they faced. The soldiers were determined and that determination sealed that war.

Before the battle, soldiers of the allied forces had landed in the Western Coast of Crimea; they landed there on 14 September 1854. The aim of their encampment was to invade the Russian naval base located at Sevastopol. The battle was devastating as the allied forces inflicted heavy injuries on the Russian army and defeated them. The battle was mainly fought at Alma. Because of the heavy injuries inflicted on the Russians, they fled in disarray towards the Kacha River. The allied forces missed their opportunities of attacking the Sevastopol. The British commander of the forces was Fitzroy Somerset. Commander of the French army was Francois Certain Canrobert. Both commanders could not coordinate their actions very well, and as a result, they could not agree on joint action against the Russians at Sevastopol.

They misjudged the Russians and decided to put the city into a siege instead of attacking that base immediately. However, they were able to establish a supply base within the Crimean peninsula. The supply port established by the allied forces was located in Balaclava. Before they could start their operation of laying siege on the city, the Russian forces under the command of Prince Menshikov moved out of the city with significant number of soldiers. He left behind only one garrison to defend that city against the planned invasion by the allied army.

Because of the delay by the allied army to strike the city, it created unique opportunities for the Russian army to move into the city on October 25 and attacked the allied soldiers in their base at balaclava. The attack was strategic to the Russians. They could not achieve their aims before they reached the heart of the allied base, but they managed to capture a significant portion of their base.
Balaclava battle was very revealing to both soldiers. Allied troops learnt many reasons from that attack. It revealed the weaknesses of the allied forces. They had a very thin hold line; this means that they do not have sufficient soldiers to control that line. Their opponents who launched an attack through the Techernaya River explored this weakness. This attack started on November 4, 1854.